turmeric means: Indian is a dried rhizome, which can be ground and used to color bright yellow dishes. It is used primarily in Indian and Southeast Asian cuisine. (in Cooking Dictionary)

What else does turmeric mean?

Turmeric is a yellow spice that has a mild, warm flavor. It’s related to ginger. It’s used as a condiment in Middle Eastern cuisine, such as curry powder and prepared mustard. (in Cooking Dictionary)

An extensively cultivated tropical tree (Curcuma longa) India: Yellow flowers with a rhizome that is aromatic and somewhat fleshy. (in Merlin Dictionary)

This plant’s powdered rhizome can be used to make a yellow dye and as a spice. (in Merlin Dictionary)

One of many other plants with similar rhizomes. (in Merlin Dictionary)