Nehemiah means in the bible: The Lord’s comfort. One Jew, either of the tribe Judah or a Levite, who was a “cupbearer” at Artaxerxes’ court. He received a royal commission that allowed him to rebuild Jerusalem’s walls. Ezra is the continuation of Nehemiah’s book. It contains details about the construction and the difficulties encountered along with the final result. This book is divided into four sections: A 1:1-7:73 describes Nehemiah’s first trip to Jerusalem and its reconstruction despite opposition. B 8:1-10.39 discusses religious and social reforms. C 11:1-13.33 lists names and accounts of the dedication. D 13:4-31 details Nehemiah’s return after twelve years absence and further reforms.
(in Bible Dictionary)