Emergency Powers means in slang: Sleep well. (in Slang Dictionary, added by Aidan Stokes)

What else does Emergency Powers mean?

  • Lincoln suspended habeas corpus in 1861 without Congressional approval because of a claim for emergency powers. Lincoln claimed the Confederate Rebellion created an emergency which gave him the unprecedented power to unilaterally suspend the writ. The Federal District Court of Maryland, with Chief Justice Taney as its judge, ruled in Ex Parte Merryman2 against Lincoln’s request. (in Legal Dictionary)
  • Proclamation 74663, which was issued in response to September 11th terrorist attacks, declared a state of emergency that would expire on September 14 2016. The National Emergencies Act established a procedure that President Obama used to prolong the emergency status. (in Legal Dictionary)
  • Executive Order 10340 was issued by Harry Truman, which allowed him to use emergency power when he seized steel plants that were unable to produce steel due to a 1952 labor strike. Truman claimed that the Korean War was still ongoing and that war could not be waged successfully if his economy did not provide the resources needed to support the troops. In Youngstown Sheet Tube Co. v. Sawyer4, the U.S. Supreme Court voted 6-3 to reject the argument. It ruled that the President was not granted any Commander in Chief or emergency powers, and therefore could unilaterally take private property without Congressional authorization. (in Legal Dictionary)
  • The 1976 National Emergencies Act was enacted by Congress. It is codified at 50 U.S.C. SSSS 1601-50 was created in 1976 by Congress to address the continuing existence of four national emergencies. The oldest had been in effect for 40 years. Although the Act didn’t revoke existing emergency declarations it did establish an expiration date for any declared emergencies that are still in existence, which prevents further action. The Act also allowed for various termination options, such as the automatic termination of an emergency on its anniversary each year if it is not renewed by the President. (in Legal Dictionary)
  • Stephanie Jurkowski last updated this page in July 2017. (in Legal Dictionary)
  • Louis Fisher, Constitutional Conflicts Between Congress and President 249-272 2007 (in Legal Dictionary)
  • Roosevelt also invoked emergency power when he issued Executive Order 966, directing all Japanese Americans living on the West Coast to be interned in camps during World War II. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Congress recognized an ongoing emergency because Congress had declared war. The President therefore acted according to Congress’s stated intent by issuing this order. This was to address the crisis of war. The U.S. Supreme Court affirmed Executive Order 9066, Korematsu v. United States 3, as a constitutional exercise by the Presidential Commander-in Chief and emergency powers. (in Legal Dictionary)
  • Although the Constitution doesn’t explicitly grant additional powers to the President in war situations or for other purposes, it does give him some powers. Many scholars believe that these powers were implied by the Framers because of the Executive Branch’s structural design, which allows it to move faster than the Legislative Branch. The Constitution is silent about this issue so the Judiciary can’t grant the Executive Branch these powers if it attempts to use them. If Congress grants such powers to President, the courts will recognize the Executive Branch’s right to emergency powers. (in Legal Dictionary)
  • Recent scrutiny has focused on the extent of Executive Branch’s emergency powers. For example, see: (in Legal Dictionary)
  • These were the four national emergencies which the Act was intended to address: (in Legal Dictionary)