Capernaum means in the bible: Nahum Village. A small town at the north end of the Sea of Galilee. It is probably located on the area now called Tell-Hum. The district was one the richest and most crowded areas in Palestine at the time of Jesus Christ. Capernaum was the home of the Lord after His ministry began. See Matt. 9:1 and Mark 2:1. It is the place where Peter and Andrew lived Mark 1:19 and Matthew Matt. 9:9. Matt. witnessed many of the miracles performed by our Lord. 8:5, 14,; 9:1 Mark 1:21, 30,; 2:1; Luke 4:11-35, 38; 5,18; 7,:1. The wonderful discourse from John 6:59 was delivered in the Capernaum synagogue. The Lord later rebuked the inhabitants of Capernaum for rejecting Him Matt. Luke 11:23, Luke 10:15.
(in Bible Dictionary)